Paediatric orthopaedics

What is Paediatric Orthopaedics?

Paediatric orthopaedics refers to the diagnosis, treatment and management of musculoskeletal conditions in children, from infancy to adulthood. Children are rapidly growing and changing and therefore require a specialised set of skills when their conditions are being treated. Paediatric Orthopaedic Surgeons undertake further training to ensure they understand the patterns of change in children and adolescents. Having this understanding is essential in undertaking the appropriate care for paediatric patients.    

Paediatric Conditions 

Paediatric orthopaedics is very different when compared to adult orthopaedics. The musculoskeletal problems that occur in children are far more complex as their bodies are rapidly growing and changing. Many of the conditions seen in paediatric patients do not exist for adult patients, which is part of the reason Orthopaedic Surgeons undertake further training to be qualified in Paediatrics.  

Common conditions include: 

  • Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)
    • Occurs when the ball and socket joint in the hip does not develop fully, causing it to form in a position which may cause problems later in life
  • Flat feet 
    • Occurs when a child does not develop an arch in their foot once they start walking 
  • Bow legs
    • Occurs when the knees are positioned wide apart from the legs, causing the legs to curve outward when standing
  • Club feet 
    • Occurs in infants that causes their feet to turn inward 
  • Knock knees 
    • Occurs when the knees are positioned close together, causing the legs to curve inward whilst standing
  • Trauma
    • Broken bones
    • Sporting injuries
  • Infections 

Dr Johnson’s paediatric special interests

Dr Johnson manages all areas of Paediatric Orthopaedics, however he has a special interest in: 

  • Paediatric trauma of the upper and lower limb
  • Paediatric sport injuries
  • Paediatric Lower Limb including:
    • Hip issues including Developmental Hip Dysplasia, Perthes Disease and Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphyses
    • Knee issues including sports injuries and patellofemoral problems
    • Foot conditions including tarsal coalition, accessory bones
  • Neuromuscular conditions
  • Limb deformity

For further information, please contact our rooms on 07 3059 6259.